At the Kaligoni location, 6 km southeast of Lefkada, there are the ruins of the ancient city Nirikos.
It was the first capital of the island from the 2nd millennium BC. Excavations have shown that ancient Nirikos was a big city of significant economic growth. It was built on a site of great strategic importance, opposite the coasts of the mainland of Greece. In the 18th century it was called “Amaxiki” (carriage way) because of the road which connected it to the western port, Iraion. A new city, Lefkada, was later built on that site. It became the island’s capital until the 13th century BC when it was abandoned. Today there are only parts of fortification walls and their towers, ruins of a pre- Roman theater, cisterns, an aqueduct, and parts of an ancient cemetery. They were brought to light by the archaeologist Dorpfeld’s excavations.